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1636 The Atlantic Encounter: Chapter Fifteen

       Last updated: Friday, July 3, 2020 11:45 EDT




New France

    Three decades earlier, Savignon told Stephane, Champlain had drawn a map of Tadoussac harbor in meticulous detail. He’d taken the soundings himself from the lead aboard his ship, Bonne-Renommée, and found that at the mouth of the Saguenay River, there were places nearly two hundred fifty fathoms deep — une profondeur incroyable, as he’d later written. Icy-cold water from the north flowed at Tadoussac from the Saguenay into the Saint Lawrence — Stephane knew that had he somehow wound up overboard, he would have died within minutes. His Alsatian hardiness would not have helped him a whit.

    It was Tadoussac where the deep-water ships came to anchor, and where native tribes came with fur pelts to trade. Savignon knew many people, white and native, and was soon able to put him in contact with the captain of a small shallop bound for Québec. No appeal to patriotism could obtain him a berth: it took, instead, the payment of some of his carefully hoarded louis d’argent that had come with him from France and had survived his many adventures since.



    It took three days to travel upriver, the boat anchoring at some settlement or other each night. The captain was in no hurry to reach Québec. He did not seem in any hurry to do much of anything. Stephane could barely conceal his irritation at this indolence — and insolence; so that by the time they finally reached the ÃŽle d’Orléans, both men were eager to be rid of the other.

    Québec was located on the brow of a hill overlooking the river. It was not an imposing settlement; it looked less finished than the Danish one on the coast. Savignon had told Stephane the story of how the French had actually been ejected from the place only a few years ago, just before the Ring of Fire, by a privateering expedition led by Englishmen; it was certain that would not be repeated, at least at the behest of their current king.

    Upon his entry into the town — unremarked and unchallenged — he inquired after Champlain, and learned that he resided in his own habitation, but that he was unlikely to be found at home in the daytime.

    He found the place easily enough; indeed, it would have been hard to miss it. At his knock, a native servant answered, but refused Stephane entry, indicating that he should return later in the day when the master was to be at home.

    “Your hospitality leaves something to be desired,” Stephane told the man.

    “I do as I am bid, Monsieur,” the Indian said. “The captain does not permit any stranger within his house when he is not home.”

    “I am sent by the king of France, and by his minister.”

    “I am the servant of the Sieur de Champlain,” the man answered.

    Stephane could not immediately frame a reply — surely the man must see the difference between a king and a captain!

    “I demand that you accommodate me. I am sent by the Sieur’s sovereign — and therefore your sovereign. You will admit me, for he commands that the Sieur aid me in my mission. I demand it in the name of King Louis and the Cardinal-Duke de Richelieu.”

    The name of the cardinal seemed to ring out into silence, almost as if everyone in earshot had stopped to hear it. The servant did not reply, but glanced over Stephane’s shoulder, as if there was someone standing behind.

    Stephane turned, and found someone there: an older man with a military bearing standing, arms crossed.

    “The cardinal demands, does he?” he said. “Well, then, come inside my house and we shall see what you have to say.”



    Long before Stephane departed for Hamburg, Monsieur Servien had taken particular care to inform him about Samuel de Champlain, the captain-general of New France. It had allowed Stephane to form a mental picture of the man.

    It had never crossed his mind that he might come face to face with him until he chose to abandon Challenger in Thomasville harbor a few weeks earlier. It had also never occurred to Stephane that the description, such as it was, would be so completely at odds with the man himself.

    “He is a curious case,” Monsieur Servien had told him. “Champlain was one of the first of our countrymen ever to venture into the interior of New France for His Majesty. He was well known, and well beloved, of our King Henri the Fourth of glorious memory.”

    “Henri the Fourth?” Stephane had said, incredulous. To imagine someone alive who had served a king now twenty-five years dead, murdered before Stephane was even born, was beyond conception, a fact which had made Servien laugh.

    “Young men cannot imagine a world in which they have not lived,” Servien had said. “Don’t fear, young Stephane. The world got on quite well without you.



    “But to Champlain. His first ventures into the New World were in the last century, and he visited New France for the first time more than thirty years ago. He has survived rivalries at court, changes in loyalties, conquest by the English, and even the enmity of the Queen Mother when she was regent. He even survived his own death.”

    Stephane did not quite understand what Servien had meant by that, and it clearly showed on his face.

    “As you are aware, Stephane,” Servien explained, “the up-timers have provided us with considerable information about the strange and wondrous world in which they lived before the Ring of Fire transported them into our midst. According to their great compendium, their Encyclopédie, Monsieur Champlain was to have suffered an apoplectic attack sometime in the autumn of 1635 and returned to dust on Christmas Day. But — miracle of miracles! He did not. Instead, he is alive and well, and his presenceâ¦his influence must be taken into account in any consideration of the New World to which His Majesty now lays claim.”

    “I don’t understand. Is he aâ¦hindrance? Could His Majesty not simply recall and replace him?”

    “It is more complicated than that.”

    “I daresay it is,” Stephane said. “Perhaps Monsieur could explain more clearly.”

    “Champlain is a romantic fool,” Servien said. “He honors the traditions and the customs of the savage natives, and has always enjoyed their trust. He — personally — is held in awe by them. It is not an exaggeration: last fall, when rumors of his death circulated among the Five Nations, a war party made an attempt to take the settlement at Trois-Rivières. An informant passed this intelligence on to Champlain, who was there to thwart it. Thus, he enjoys the confidence of our king.”

    “What does Cardinal Richelieu think of him, if I may be so bold as to ask?”

    “He believes that Monsieur Champlain is an obstacle to the greater glory of an expanded New France. He believes that Champlain will do what he thinks best, and his actions may not be in harmony with the cardinal’s superior wisdom.

    “And he believes, young Stephane, that it would have been better for all concerned if Champlain had simply suffered his attack and gone to God on Christmas Day last, as the up-timer histories assured that he would.”



    Samuel de Champlain did not appear to Stephane to be any sort of fool, romantic or otherwise. He was of above-average height, with no stoop of old age. Stephane, remembering Monsieur Servien’s comment about Henri IV, had expected him to be ancient beyond understanding. But while it had gone gray and silver, he still had all his hair and, seemingly, most of his teeth. He presented an imposing figure, sitting at ease in his armchair while Stephane stood before him, knowing that he had achieved his goal by reaching him but now completely unsure what might happen next.

    “Courtesy demands,” Champlain said after a long pause, “that I welcome you as a countryman and a servant of our king. Yet it also demands of you that you show me the respect that I am due. So tell me, young man. Why does Cardinal Richelieu choose to send me a spy?”

    “Iâ¦do not think that he intended to send me to you, Monsieur Captain. I have simply arrived here, and I need, and request, your help.”

    “You said that. A few moments ago it emerged as a demand. It pleases me that you have rephrased it as a request.”

    “I did not know how I might be received.”

    “Your illustrious master did not fully describe my character, my inclinations?” Champlain made a gesture in the air, expressive and yet dismissive. “He is disappointed that I am yet here.”

    “In New France?”

    “Aboveground,” Champlain said. He stood up slowly and walked to the window of his habitation, as it was called. From the window one could see the neat lanes and small houses of the settlement of Québec. He placed his hands on the sill and looked out, and without turning around said, “He promised me that there would be an entire continent open to settlement by France, yet there is still much to be done — in Virginia, and elsewhere. He wants other, younger men to do it.”

    “I cannot speak of the cardinal’s intentions, Monsieur.”

    “No, no.” Champlain turned. “Of course you cannot. None of us can. But we must all dance to his tune. So. Tell me what help you so urgently require, young man. What crisis threatens that has brought you so far?”

    He returned to his seat and, for the first time, gestured Stephane to another chair.

    “Surely Monsieur has heard of the Ring of Fire.”

    “Yes, of course. The miracle which has brought men from the future to our world of today, a few years past.”

    “I was given the task of reporting –“

    “Ah, now we discuss the spying.”

    “As you wish: spying on an expedition sent by the people of the future to the New World. I had not intended it, but I accompanied them on their ship as far as Thomasville, the Danish settlement at the mouth of the Saint-Laurent.”

    “What sort of ship is this — some wonder from the future?”

    “No, it is a sailing ship, though it has a number of improvements. It is steered with a wheel, and not a whipstaff, and they have devices that help them determine their position. Their ship is not a ship of war, but rather an explorer; they are seeking intelligence to bring back to their masters, just as I am hoping to send word back to my masters regarding what I have seen. They have not heard from me since we departed the Germanies, and I am desirous of composing a letter that can be taken back. Or, if circumstance allows it, to find passage back to France to report.”

    “To the cardinal.”

    “To Monsieur Servien, my employer.”

    Champlain crossed his arms across his chest and frowned. “That one. Have a care, young man: he is a snake, and utterly loyal to Cardinal Richelieu. To him, everyone is no more than a chess piece, to be maneuvered and sacrificed. I hope he pays you well, and I pray that you have an opportunity to make something of your gains.”

    As he spoke, Stephane felt a chillâ¦though it might have been no more than a strong breeze through an open window.

    This man truly is no fool, Stephane thought. Romantic or otherwise.

    “I would not presume to understand what Monsieur Servien intends,” Stephane answered. “But even though it is only to further his own ends, he has provided me with opportunities that I would never have had otherwise. If I am inclined to be loyal to him because of that, then so be it.”

    “Of course,” Champlain said. “I perform my duties out of loyalty as well — to the kingdom of France.”

    “I am from Alsace,” Stephane answered. “I am employed by a servant of your king — but I am not His Majesty’s subject. I have no great love for any other sovereign, however, especially the foolish one who surrendered all of his claims to this continent for thirty pieces of silver. Our Comte owes his allegiance to the Hapsburg dynasty, but that is so far away from everyday life in our land that no one even takes notice.”

    “Is your loyalty then for sale?”

    “I suppose it is. But at the moment the proprietor is Monsieur Servien.”

    Champlain thought for several seconds, then seemed to come to a conclusion.

    “Very well, Monsieur,” he said. “I shall assist you. But first — tell me more about this ship.”

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